Vitamin K Foods
You’ll find Vitamin K foods on the page about Vitamin Food Sources.
Vitamin K deficiency is recognized by the presence of easy bruising, ruptured capillaries and similar symptoms and is often a side effect of anticoagulant drugs.
• helps avoid fractures like this by promoting bone health in adults – K is a cofactor in carboxylation of osteocalcin Br J Nutr 2008; 100:852-858
• a higher Vitamin K status is associated with more pronounced increase in bone mass in healthy peripubertal children Br J Nutr 2008; 100:852-858
• with Vitamin D binds to mineral crystals that concentrate in bone
• liver function
• phosphate, K and glucose pass through cell membranes as glycogen, a fat that can be stored for energy
• blood clotting
There are three forms of Vitamin K
• Vitamin K1 – Phylloquinone - fat soluble and produced in intestine
• K2 - Menaquinone - fat soluble and produced in intestine
• K3 – Menadione – water soluble and made synthetically for patients who cannot use K1 or K2
No RDA. AI is:
• Adults: Males 120 mcg/day; Females 90 mcg/day
• Teens 75 mcg/day
• Children 1-4 years 30 mcg/day; 4+ years 55 mcg/day
Dosage by Supplements
Body gets ½ of daily need from Vitamin K foods in the diet and ½ is created in intestines, so large amounts are not required in supplements. Note that amounts below are in micrograms. For years Health Canada would not approve Vitamin K for inclusion in supplements. The doses below are not for the synthetic form (K3).
• Adults maximum- 60 mcg/day
• Teens maximum– 60 mcg/day
• Children maximum - 1-4 years old 20 mcg/day; 4+ 40 mcg/day
Synthetic Vitamin K – normally K3 (Menadione) can be toxic because in this form it can build up in blood. Can cause jaundice and brain damage. Do not use synthetic form and do not exceed above doses.
Symptoms include sweating, flushing, chest tightness and itching.
You will find lots more information, including full citations and summaries of studies from medical journals in my book It’s About Health. But you can also continue to surf the 200 free pages of this website for lots of valuable, evidence-based information.LINK
It’s About Health
Continue to CoQ10
Retrun to List of Vitamins
Return from Vitamin K Foods to Home Page of Secrets-About-Vitamins